The city of Benevento , in the hinterland of Campania Region , between the two rivers Sabato and Calore, has a very rich historical past, where suggestive and beautiful monuments can testify centuries and centuries of glorious events. It is a city we can define as an “open-air museum”. Known as the city of “Witches” , thanks to its famous liquor, the history of this magical city is summarized into three main periods: Roman, Longobard and Pontifical. Each period has left artistic and historical testimonials of remarkable value. The Arch of Trajan , in the centre of the city, built between 114 and 117 after Christ in honor of Emperor Trajan, at the beginning of the Trajan street shortening the route from Benevento to Brindisi; the Roman Theater, wanted by Caracalla, and famous for its excellent acoustics, the Arch of Sacrament. In the Longobard period , after the fall of the Kingdom of Pavia , it was elevated to the principality by Arechi II, who, loving arts and culture, made a lot of architectural works, such as Santa Sofia church with its beautiful cloister, the “Civitas Nova” with its perimeter walls. The end of the Longobard domination marks the passage of Benevento to the pontifical domain: architectural testimonies of this period are the majestic Rocca dei Rettori, the Cathedral, Palace Paolo V, S. Bartolomeo’s Church, the Basilica Madonna delle Grazie. With the Unity of Italy, Benevento was liberated from the papal rule and by decree 25th October 1860 of Giorgio Pallavicini, it was declared province of Italy. A worthy visit would be at the Hortus Conclusus, in the garden of the former convent of S. Domenico, in Guerrazzi Square, there is a group of significant sculptural elements by the artist Domenico Paladino, featuring a single accomplished work and also headquarter of the Superintendence, where you can find the fossil of the dinosaur better known as “Ciro” too.
Tips for visiting
Benevento is not a city with a wide area, in particolar the historical center , and therefore it does not require means of transport or great voyages to be visited. You need to keep in mind that the main artery of the city, the Avenue Garibaldi, where the most monumental heritage is located, is pedestrian area only. Only walking tours are possible, even for people with limitations. Normally a visit to the city takes at least half a day even if it is recommended to spend a full day. If you arrive in the city by train, you can take public transports or a taxi to reach the historic center. Arriving by coach, the terminal is near the center, so you can go to the city without any problems. For tourists who come by car, the city offers several parking solutions in a contiguous location in the historic center: Cardinal Pacca square, Risorgimento Square, a maxi parking in Pomerio street, an underground parking in Porta Rufina street. Hotel accommodation and catering is of a good standard and proportionate to the normal tourist flows that arrive in the city. The city has the usual commercial facilities and it is especially advisable to choose some of the typical products, such as the liquor Strega or the nougat, for which the city has a multicentury tradition. The same is true for catering where it is advisable to taste the appenninic cuisine which is typical for the wine and food area of the Province of Benevento. The city also offers DOC wines, absolutely top-ranking, as its province is the first for winery production in the whole Campania. Special mention is for Aglianico and Falanghina. The climate is normally temperate even if affected by a remarkable humidity . In winter you can find cold misty days, while in summer it is better not to walk during the moments of greater sunshine and afa. First aid services are guaranteed by the Hospital Gaetano Rummo, in Pace Vecchia street and by the Hospital Sacro Cuore, on Principe di Napoli avenue.